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About the US Dollar

Who Was Haym Solomon?

History from a dollar bill.

Take a dollar bill out of your wallet or purse before your begin reading:

On the rear of the one dollar bill, you will see two circles. Together, they comprise the Great Seal of the United States. The First Continental Congress requested that Benjamin Franklin and a group of men come up with a Seal. It took those four years to accomplish this task and another two years to get it approved.

If you look at the left-hand circle, you will see a pyramid.Notice the face is lighted and the western side is dark. This country was just beginning. We had not begun to explore the west or decided what we could do for Western Civilization. The pyramid is uncapped, again signifying that we were not even close to being finished. Inside the capstone you have the all-seeing eye, an ancient symbol for divinity. It was Franklin's belief that one man couldn't do it alone, but a group of men, with the help of God, could do anything.
'IN GOD WE TRUST' is on this currency.

The Latin above the pyramid, ANNUIT COEPTIS, means, 'God has favored our undertaking.' The Latin below the pyramid, NOVUS ORDO SECLORUM, means, 'a new order has begun.' At the base of the pyramid is the Roman numeral for 1776 (MDCCLXXVI).

The right-hand circle is on every National Cemetery in the United States. It is on the Parade of Flags Walkway at the Bushnell, Florida National Cemetery, and is the centerpiece of most heroes' monuments. Slightly modified, it is the seal of the President of the United States, and it is always visible whenever he speaks, yet very few people know what the symbols mean.

The bald eagle was selected as a symbol for victory for two reasons: First, he is not afraid of a storm; he is strong, and he is smart enough to soar above it. Secondly, he wears no material crown. We had just broken from the King of England. Also, notice the shield is unsupported. This country can now stand on its own. At the top of that shield you have a white bar signifying congress, a unifying factor. We were coming together as one nation. In the eagle's beak you will read, 'E PLURIBUS UNUM' meaning, 'from many - one.'

Above the eagle you have the thirteen stars, representing the thirteen original colonies, and any clouds of misunderstanding rolling away. Again, we were coming together as one.

Notice what the Eagle holds in his talons. He holds an olive branch and arrows. This country wants peace but will never be afraid to fight to preserve peace. The eagle always wants to face the olive branch, but in time of war, his gaze turns toward the arrows.

The number 13 is said to be an unlucky number. This is almost a worldwide belief. You will usually never see a room numbered 13, or hotels or motels with a 13th floor. But think about this:

  • 13 original colonies,
  • 13 signers of the Declaration of Independence,
  • 13 stripes on our flag,
  • 13 steps on the pyramid,
  • 13 letters in 'Annuit Coeptis,'
  • 13 letters in 'E Pluribus Unum,'
  • 13 stars above the eagle,
  • 13 bars on the shield,
  • 13 leaves on the olive branch,
  • 13 fruits, and if you look closely,
  • 13 arrows.

Haym Solomon (1740 – January 6, 1785) was a Polish Jew who immigrated to New York during the period of the American Revolution, and who became a prime financier of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He gave $25 million to the Continental Army, money that was extremely important in gaining independence from England. Notice the arrangement of the 13 stars in the right-hand circle. They are arranged as a Star of David. When President George Washington asked Solomon what he would like as a reward for his services to the Continental Army, Solomon said he wanted nothing for himself but would like something for his people. The Star of David was the result.

Few people know that it was Haym Solomon who saved the Army through his financial contributions, but he died a pauper.

Most children don't know this, and their history teachers don't know this. Too many veterans have given up too much to ever let the meaning fade. Many veterans remember coming home to an America that didn't care. Too many veterans never came home at all.